Throughout the ISLAND BEGINNINGS program the students study every aspect of volcanoes, their central role in the creation of planet Earth, and their continued impact on its formation, ecology, and evolution.
Exploring the lava flow areas, high summits, and subterranean lava tubes of the world’s best researched volcanoes reveal ancient petroglyphs, oozing lava flows, deep calderas, and geological marvels.
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park displays the results of at least 70 million years of volcanism, migration, and evolution in the Hawaiian Island-Emperor Seamount chain-processes that would thrust a bare land from the sea and clothed it with complex and unique ecosystems and a distinct human culture. Created to preserve the natural setting of Kīlauea and Mauna Loa, the park is also a refuge for the island's native plants and animals and a link to its human past.
Volcanoes are monuments to Earth's origin and provide evidence that its primordial forces are still at work.
During a volcanic eruption, we are reminded that our planet is an ever-changing environment whose basic processes are beyond human control. At the Pacific Tsunami Museum students learn how about the science and equipment used in tsunami detection and warnings.
Volcanoes are also prodigious land builders - they have created the Hawaiian Island chain. Kīlauea and Mauna Loa, two of the world's most active volcanoes, are still adding to the island of Hawaiʻi. Mauna Loa is the most massive mountain on Earth occupying an estimated volume of 19,999 cubic miles.
The current summit of Mauna Loa stands about 56,000 feet (17,000 m) above the depressed sea floor. This is more than 27,000 feet (8,230 m) higher than Mount Everest. In contrast to the explosive continental volcanoes, the more fluid and less gaseous eruptions of Kīlauea and Mauna Loa produce fiery fountains and rivers of molden lava.
These flows, added layer upon layer, produced a barren volcanic landscape that served as a fountain for life. Hundreds of species of plants and animals found their way across the vast Pacific on wind, water, and the wings of birds. A few survived, adapted, and prospered during this time of isolation. The arrival of humans and the plants and animals they brought with them drastically altered this evolutionary showcase, this grand natural experiment.
Research by scientists at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory makes Kīlauea one of the best understood volcanoes in the world, shedding light on the birth of the Hawaiian Islands and the beginnings of planet Earth.
Each eruption is a reminder of the power of natural processes to change the air we breath, the ground we walk on, and the sea that surrounds this volcanic island.